3 1903-12-28 Tiflis, Russian Empire [now Tbilisi, Republic of Georgia]
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Mikhail Kalatozov born Mikheil Kalatozishvili (28 December 1903–27 March 1973) was a Georgian/Russian film director. Born in Tiflis (now Tbilisi), he studied economics before starting his film career as an actor and later cinematographer.
He directed several documentary films, including Salt for Svanetia (1930), but was forced to withdraw from his profession after his film Nail in the Boot (1931) was banned by Stalinist censors. During World War II he directed several propaganda films and worked as a cultural attaché at the Soviet embassy in the United States.
During the 1950s he directed several other films. His four final features were The Cranes Are Flying (1957), The Unsent Letter (1959), I Am Cuba (1964), and The Red Tent (1971) are among his most famous works.
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